Generating energy that produces no greenhouse gas, emissions from fossil fuels and reduces some types of air pollution. Diversifying energy supply and reducing dependence on imported fuels. Creating economic development and jobs in manufacturing, installation, and much more.

The most common renewable power technologies include:

  • Solar (photovoltaic, solar thermal)
  • Wind
  • Biogas (e.g., landfill gas/wastewater treatment digester gas)
  • Geothermal
  • Biomass
  • Low-impact hydroelectricity
  • Emerging technologies – wave and tidal power

Using a combination of renewable energy options can help meet local government goals especially in some regions where availability and quality of renewable resources vary.

Implementing On-site Renewable Energy Projects

Local governments considering on-site generation may face possible technical, financial, and regulatory challenges. To overcome these challenges, local governments can:

  • Assess the availability of local renewable resources
  • Consider the costs of different renewable technologies
  • Examine the aggregate costs and benefits of on-site green power
  • Consider permitting requirements for locations where the facility could be sited
  • Involve local stakeholders, particularly concerning siting
  • Assess available sources of financing and other incentives